Nonviolence is a way of life. It is also a means to make social,
political and economic change. Exploring nonviolence begins with looking
at power. Many people define power as the opportunity to control other
people or resources. In this definition, power is assumed to be based
on violence: to gain more power over people or resources means using
more violence. Nonviolence offers another definition of power. Nonviolence
seeks to empower communities and individuals. It works to help people
find power within themselves, and to share power. This is power inside
and power with people, not power over others. The core
values of nonviolence-respect for life, and the pursuit of justice and
dignity for all humanity-reflect key values from the world's main spiritual
Photos courtesy of WPP archives
GenderRefers to the social attributes and opportunities associated with being male and female and the relationships between women and men and girls and boys, as well as the relations between women and those between men.
These attributes, opportunities, and relationships are socially constructed and are learned through socialization processes.
They are context/ time-specific and changeable. Gender determines what is expected, allowed and valued in a women or a man in a given context.
In most societies there are differences and inequalities between women and men in responsibilities assigned, activities undertaken, access to and control over resources, as well as decision-making opportunities.
Gender is part of the broader socio-cultural context.
Other important criteria for socio-cultural analysis include class, race, poverty level, ethnic group, and age.
Definition by OSAGI , United Nation's Office of the Special Advisor on Gender Issues
Gender Equality(Equality between Women and Men)
Refers to the equal rights, responsibilities, and opportunities of
women and men and girls and boys.
MasculinityGender involves the social construction of masculinities and femininities, and the power relationship between men and women. In many cultures a link has been constructed between masculinity, dominance and the use of force. In such cultures weapons may be seen as a sign of masculinity; war as a proving ground for masculinity; and sexual violence against women and girls during armed conflict as an appropriate reward for aggressive behavior. Such a militarized definition of masculinity must be critically examined and challenged. A complete understanding of the root cases of armed conflict, and hence the corresponding attempt to build cultures of peace, can never be complete without a gender analysis. (Every WPP activity has a gender focus which explores this analysis.)